New Age History and Economics

The Day We See The Truth And Cease To Speak it, Is The Day We Begin To Die. MLK Jr.

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

Illuminati: 13 Families

Lies being Taught;
Illuminati is a sham;
Now the truth;
Here I reproduce a series of article by a friend;

Illuminati: 13 Families
        In most of the occult circles that believe in the Illuminati there are said to be 13 families of high ranking positions within this "secret society". The occultism is far reaching and it's believed that they've been secretly ruling the world from behind the scenes for quite some time. Although there are 13 bloodlines, being members of the Illuminati doesn't guarantee that all members will be in agreement in certain aspects.

        I'll briefly go over some background information on the 13 Families. It should also be noted though, that other family names, not among the 13, are influential in completing this agenda, such as Reynolds, Morgans and Disney. You'll often come across these families constantly marrying amongst each other; sometimes going as far as first cousins. They do not marry for love, but out of strategy. But also you cannot expect all members of these bloodlines to share the same last name. Bloodlines are more important to the Illuminati then names.

        So why 13, you might ask? Although it's one higher than 12 and all sacredity in that number, it could also be due to the 13 zodiacs (counting Ophiuchus). The actual reason is because it's the Illuminati secret belief that they are the true 13 tribes of Israel. Although there were originally 12 tribes Joseph's split into two. It's also worthy of speculation that there could be a secret 14th family, as there is a lost 14th tribe of Israel known as the Falashas in Ethiopia.

1.) The Astor Bloodline, started by John Jacob Astor lived around the time of the original Bavarian Illuminati, sources I've read suggest he came to America from Germany in 1774, two years before the supposed origin of this Secret Society. Just because he wasn't around when the organization first started doesn't mean he didn't know people that were members. He became master of a Masonic lodge after being in America for only two years even though he spoke little English. His specialty was in trade, which brought a lot of money in because he was given government privileges by President Thomas Jefferson, that other traders weren't usually allowed. Although there's no solid proof that Jefferson was a Freemason, I've come across a letter where he speaks rather highly of Adam Weishaupt. By the way he spoke of him it's possible that Jefferson and Weishaupt knew each other. John Jacob Astor was also one of the head financiers of the Second Bank of the United States. Vincent Astor, son of John Jacob Astor IV who died on the Titanic, was a prudent man that not many people liked yet he was director of many companies in his lifetime such as American Express Company, Atlantic Fruit and Sugar Company, Chase Manhattan Bank (of the Rockefellers), City and Suburban Homes Company, Classical Cinematograph Corporation, Cuban-Dominican Sugar Company, Great Northern Railroad, International Mercantile Marine Company, National Park Bank of New York (NY), NY County Trust Company, and Weekly Publications Incorporated. He was also Western Union Telegraph trustee, NY Zoological Society advisor to Bankers Trust of NY, member American Museum of National History, National Institute of Social Sciences (notice these last two like so many elite controlled organizations are heavily involved in the spread of the evolution theory.) That is one hell of a resume, no wonder this guy was so unpleasant! He was a key player in the consolidation of companies.

2.) The Bundy Bloodline, it's uncertain if Ted Bundy (Infamous Serial Killer) was part of this bloodline but it shouldn't be overlooked; interesting, though, that many of the books written about Ted Bundy have turned up missing in libraries all around the country. Most of the Bundy names turn up in secret societies and politics. McGeorge Bundy was one of President Kennedy's and Johnson's special assistants. Odds are he had a lot of say in what went on in the 1960's. Three formers U.S. presidents were members of Skull and Bones, a prominent secret society of Yale University. When looking into this Secret Society, the Bundy bloodline constantly reappeared as Skull & Bones initiates and Chairman. The bloodline also holds prominence in certain banks.

3.) The Collins Bloodline (Sometimes O'Collins) doesn't appear to have any high ranking ownership positions. However the name has history in witchcraft and the Wicca religion. The Brotherhoods of Witchcraft is recognized as an organized religion by the Federal Government, thus they are tax deductible and military exempt (as most Illuminati members are). This family more than likely specializes in the occult, satanic portion of the Illuminati. Though being of the Wicca religion has nothing to do with devil worship, the Illuminati find Satan as the one true god. But magic does exist and its incorporated into the basic practices of the Wicca religion, it all goes back to the Khabbalah. But in this religion, like secret societies, there is higher knowledge only known to the few. In 1978 the Grande Mother of the Grande Druid Council, which has been said to be a glorified group of bankers was of the Collins family. One of the whistle blowers, Tim Collins; who was Illuminati, turned Christian and was gunned down outside a grocery store.

4.) The Du Pont Bloodline: like the Collins operate in Europe originating in France. I think this family has been around during the original finding of the Illuminati, but I don't think they were members (However I've turned up an Adrian Du Port). They have a very public image and own much of the media in Europe. Pierre Samuel Du Pont was responsible for creating a national education system upon request of Thomas Jefferson. Not that there's anything wrong with that, but the educational system has become so corrupt and indoctrinating that it needs to be rewritten. Pierre Samuel Du Pont was the godson of Marquis de Mirabeau related to Count Gabriel Riqueti Mirabeau, who was a member of the Bavarian Illuminati. He also played a roll in Rothschild's charter of the First Bank of the United States. The stationed obelisk in Washington DC was set up on Du Pont Circle, named after Samuel Francis Du Pont, the rear admiral during the Civil War. The DuPont company made a lot of money starting off with gunpowder in the 1800's. Lewis Du Pont Smith was the heir of the Du Pont Chemical Company.

5.) The Freeman Bloodline (Spelling sometimes alters Frieman, Friedman, etc.) doesn't appear in a lot of areas you'd expect to find Illuminati names so you wouldn't really suspect them to be a name among the 13. Stephan Freeman ran the Legal Affairs Department for many years and Walter Freeman introduced the frontal lobotomy back in the 1930's but it was a Gaylord Freeman who turned up to be the most influential within this bloodline. From 1963 to 1981 Gaylord Freeman was the grandmaster of the Priory de Sion. This secret society is not only intimately related to Freemasonry and Rosecrucianism, but in occult circles it's said that they are the guardians of Christ's bloodline. This family can be found in both Europe and North America. Gaylord Freeman never held any government position on either continent, but oddly enough he was called in by many United States presidents and congressmen for advice and assistance several times. Another story I found regards a Mary Freeman back in the 1980's reported seeing a UFO over Silbury Hill while leaving an ancient druid stone circle at Avebury around midnight in July '88. While most people are interested in this UFO encounter, I'm curious as to what this Freeman lady was doing in this ancient druid site at such a late hour...

6.) The Kennedy Bloodline: I was surprised to find this name still among the 13. When looking into certain members of this family it can be assumed that not all Illuminati bloodlines are bad. The Kennedy's have always held political and military power. It's very unusual that a name among Illuminati would come into Presidency because they prefer to stay out of the light. But the realization would be that not all Illuminati bloodlines are evil. We can call some of them White Hats in a closet full of black coats. Joseph Kennedy was the last seemingly heartless on in the bloodline, which I'll touch on later. But it should be noted some of the most unusual and peculiar circumstances regarding the deaths of certain family members. Rosemary Kennedy died from a failed lobotomy in 1948, Robert Kennedy was assassinated when he ran for president in 1968, his son David ODed in 1984, Michael Kennedy died in a skiing accident in 1997, and in 1999 there was a suspicious plane crash that claimed the life of John F. Kennedy Jr. and his wife. His father, John F. Kennedy is the most notable of the Kennedy bloodline, but the peculiarities in his life will be brought to attention later. This family is believed, by some, to be "cursed" because of the terrible luck. I don't necessarily believe all the untimely deaths are due to bad luck. That's why it raises an odd question, why this name is still considered among the 13?

7.) The Li Bloodline would be the family with the most members out of the 13. They have control over the Asian currency, yet do not appear to be as corrupt as the Rockefellers and Rothschilds. Where there may be a hundred or so members in the Rockefeller family there are thousands among this bloodline. The population of Asia still outnumbers North America, Europe and Australia combined. There are secret societies within Asia that may or may not work with the Illuminati, this is still in question, which we'll get to later on. One of the said societies is known as the Triads, which is like Freemasonry crossed with the Mafia. They are not entirely against the rest of the Illuminati, but they have their own plans. You'll hear more on these Asian Secret Societies later.

8.) The Onassis Bloodline doesn't seem to hold much prominence anymore, the most notable is Aristotle Onassis, who was a shipping tycoon back in the 1960's and 70's. Aristotle Onassis was a millionaire by the age of 23, thanks to certain financial backing through his family, which aided his business. He owned many ports in South America and I believe a lot of his importing was legal and illegal drugs. It's interesting to note that Jackie Kennedy, JFK's widow, was remarried to Aristotle Onassis; this implies she well endowed with the nature of the occult, rather then eliminate her she married into another one of 13. Aristotle Onassis died with no children. Having no immediate heirs its unsure what power this bloodline has anymore. The importing of drugs into the United States was overtaken by the so called "4th Branch" of the government, the CIA.

9.) The Rockefeller Bloodline practically owns 45% of the United States. 75% of the American media courses through Rockefeller Center. I've personally been there, a whole section of New York is owned by this family. The Rockefellers own Standard Oil, the IRS, Federal Reserve, the music industry, the educational system and a large part of the Food & Drug Administration. David Rockefeller is an Illuminati kingpin that has been to practically every Bilderberg meeting since the 1960's. This is the wealthiest family in America, and one of the top in the world. There'll be more on them later.

10.) The Rothschild Bloodline, though I've already touched on, there is a lot more that can be said about them. There's an unprecedented amount of connections that could be made between every corporation, secret society and country in Europe to the Rothshild dynasty. Amchel Meyer Rothschild was a member of the Knights of Malta, who are considered the militia of the pope. Out of his 5 sons, 4 became nobles through the Austrian Empire (Nathan refused). The Rothshilds played a major role in the continuation of the Catholic Church when its existence was threatened by Napoleon. In 1823 the Rothshilds became the guardians of the papal treasury and trusties of the Vatican's wealth. It can be assumed that the Rothshilds control the Vatican through their finances, but one could also wonder if the Vatican holds some occultic power over the Rothschilds. Jacob Rothschild is also the one behind the blood diamond minds in South Africa along with Queen Elizabeth II, of the Merovingian Bloodline. There's even been some speculation that Hitler was a member of this bloodline, but again, little proof.

11.) The Russell Bloodline: The most notable in this family is Charles Taze Russell, a Freemason, Satanist, Rosecrucian, and founder of the Jahovah's Witness Watchtower Society. Russell, oddly enough was owner of several graveyards, which actually serves the Illuminati very well. The best place to dispose of the remains of ritualistic human sacrifice (which the Illuminati does) is in a graveyard, below the 6ft level. Also certain Satanists and occultists will use human bones when conjuring the dead and spiritual entities in certain ceremonies, best place to find those would be privately owned cemeteries. William Russell is another one, he founded Skull & Bones, the infamous Yale secret society. Roberta Brooke Russell, daughter of John Henry Russel who was the rear admiral of the US Navy during the Mexican-American War; was the head of the Vincent Astor Foundation when she married into that family in 1953. She also served as trustee to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. She was supposedly a philanthropist giving to the Astor's money to Catholic and Episcopalian needs as well as public libraries.

12.) The Van Duyn Bloodline would probably have to be the least noticeable of the 13. The name is Dutch, so one could assume that's where they came from, however it's rather difficult to find any well known Van Duyn's. The bloodline can be traced back to the early 1600's. The last name is actually rare and I don't see how this name was placed among the 13. Any Van Duyns that turn up around the original Bavarian Illuminati, though rich, seemed to give their wealth to the needy (Cornelis and William Van Duyn). Colonel Edward Seguin Van Duyn is the only one I could find that served the agenda of the Illuminati, he founded American Birth Control League. As we step towards this New World Order the Illuminati desperately want to decrease the population of the planet.

13.) The Merovingian Bloodline is that of the European kings and royalty. I found it very upsetting that among occultic beliefs the Merovingian bloodline also refers to the bloodline of Christ. I personally refuse to believe this and only give credence to that of the European Kings. But concordance with that idea it is also in this bloodline that the Anti-Christ is supposed to arise. There would be no greater irony as disappointing if the Anti-Christ were the descendent of Jesus Christ. This bloodline is so extensive that it reaches from England to United States presidents; the Bush's are apparently royalty... whatever, it still doesn't give them intelligence. Some Illuminati family members don't even know their name is intricately linked into something so dark and disturbing. It's possible if the bloodline of Christ does go on he/she doesn't know their lineage. The Priory de Sion supposedly keeps those records safe.

To be continued……

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Röhm-Putsch; Purge of political opponents or national necessity?

"Röhm-Putsch" Wrongly called ‘The Night of Long Knives’; Purge of political opponents or National and social necessity.

Lies being taught;
Hitler purged his political opponents to remove all opposition to him.

Now the truth;
History of Stormtrooper;
The first official German Stormtrooper unit was authorized on 2 March 1915 when the German high command ordered the VIII Corps to form a detachment to test experimental weapons and develop tactics which could break the deadlock on the Western Front. On 2 October 1916, General quartiermeister Erich Ludendorff ordered all German armies in the west to form a battalion of stormtroops. They were first successfully used during the German Eighth Army's siege of Riga, and again at the Battle of Caporetto. Wider use followed on the Western Front in March 1918, where Allied lines were successfully pushed back tens of kilometers. The SA evolved out of the remnants of the Freikorps movement of the post-World War I years. The Freikorps were nationalistic organisations primarily composed of disaffected, disenchanted, and angry German combat veterans founded by the government in January 1919 to deal with the threat of a Communist revolution when it appeared that there was a lack of loyal troops. A very large number of the Freikorps believed that the November Revolution had betrayed them when Germany was alleged to be on the verge of victory in 1918. Hence, the Freikorps were in opposition to the new Weimar Republic, which was born as a result of the November Revolution, and whose founders were contemptuously called "November criminals".

What are Stormtrooper under Nazis;
The Sturmabteilung (SA or Brownshirts) originally functioned as the paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party. Brown-coloured shirts were their standard uniform. An advertisement was carried out in the Münchener Beobachter for a mass meeting in the Hofbräuhaus, to be held on 16 October 1919. Some 70 people attended, and a second such meeting was advertised for 13 November 1919 in the Eberlbrau beer hall. Some 130 people attended; there were hecklers, but Hitler's military friends promptly ejected them by force. The next year, on 24 February 1920, Hitler announced the party's Twenty-Five Point program at a mass meeting of some 2000 persons at the Hofbräuhaus. Protesters tried to shout Hitler down, but his army friends, armed with rubber truncheons, ejected the dissenters. The basis for the SA had been formed. Their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies from opposing parties particularly Communist Party (KPD), countering paramilitary units of the KPD and social democrats, protecting Nazi meetings from disruption by protesters, disrupting meetings of commies, distributing propaganda, recruiting, marching in the streets to propagandize by showing support for the Nazi cause, political campaigning, and brawling with Commies in the streets.

SA members saw their organization as a revolutionary group, the vanguard of a national-socialist order that would overthrow the hated Republic by force. Stennes leader of SA advocated use of force as legitimate means of taking over political power in February 1931 article published in Der Angriff. This was disturbing to the Nazi leadership as it contravened Hitler's strategy of gaining power through constitutional means only and forswearing violence as a means to power. In September 1930, Hitler invited Ernst Röhm to lead SA who took charge on 5th January 1931.

SA became National nuisance;
Hitler was elected chancellor in January 30, 1933. After Hitler's appointment as chancellor stormtroopers were deprived of attacks by or against commies. They would now run riot on streets after a night of heavy drinking. They would indulge in hooliganism or street fights between themselves and then attack the police who were called to stop them. Complaints of "overbearing and loutish" behaviour by stormtroopers became common by the middle of 1933. Stromtroopers attracted many former communists under their fold from their success in protecting Nazi meetings from commie disruptions. Rudolf Diels, the first Gestapo chief, estimated in 1933 Berlin that 70 percent of new SA recruits were former communists.

Under Röhm, the SA took the side of workers in strikes and other labor disputes, attacking strike breakers and supporting picket lines. SA had fought against left-wing parties during electoral campaigns, but its reputation for street violence and heavy drinking was a hindrance, as was the open homosexuality of Röhm and other SA leaders such as his deputy Edmund Heines. One American journalist would later write, "[Röhm's] chiefs, men of the rank of Gruppenfuehrer or Obergruppenfuehrer, commanding units of several hundred thousand Storm Troopers, were almost without exception homosexuals.[i]

After coming to power of NASDAP, the SA became increasingly eager for power and saw themselves as a replacement for the German Army, then limited by law to no more than 100,000 men. However In Hitler’s view, the proper functions of SA's which hence before had been to protect Nazi Meetings from disruption by protesters, propagandizing Nazi cause, did not advance to SA's functioning as a military organization. Hitler now wanted SA to do community service. Helping elderly, women children, canvassing or fundraising. This was resented by the SA as Kleinarbeit, "little work, trivia".

SA’s Conflict with Army;
Röhm lobbied Hitler to appoint him Minister of Defence, a position held by the conservative General Werner von Blomberg. Blomberg was not a Nazi, but from Prussian Nobility. Blomberg and many of his fellow officers regarded the SA as a plebeian rabble that threatened the army's traditional high status in German society.

Many stormtroopers returned the feeling, seeing the army as insufficiently committed to the National Socialist revolution. Max Heydebreck, a SA leader in Rummelsburg, denounced the army to his fellow brownshirts, telling them, "Some of the officers of the army are swine. Most officers are too old and have to be replaced by young ones. We want to wait till Papa Hindenburg is dead, and then the SA will march against the army."

Röhm, wanted the SA to become the core of a new German military. Limited by the Treaty of Versailles to one hundred thousand soldiers, army leaders such as General Werner von Blomberg, the Minister of Defence, and General Walther von Reichenau, the chief of the Reichswehr's Ministerial Department watched anxiously as membership in the SA surpassed three million men. Ernst Röhm who had been given a seat on the National Defence Council had began to demand more say over military matters. On 2 October 1933, Röhm sent a letter to Reichenau that said: "I regard the Reichswehr now only as a training school for the German people. The conduct of war, and therefore of mobilization as well, in the future is the task of the SA."

SA's National conflict;
In January 1934, Röhm presented Blomberg with a memorandum demanding that the SA replace the regular army as the nation's ground forces, and that the Reichswehr become a training adjunct to the SA. Röhme viewed member of the officer corps as old fogies who lacked "revolutionary spirit." He believed that the Reichswehr should be merged into the SA to form a true "people's army" under his command. At a February 1934 cabinet meeting, he demanded that the Reichswehr be absorbed into the SA under his leadership as Minister of Defense.[ii]

This horrified the army, with its traditions going back to Frederick the Great. The army officer corps viewed the SA as a brawling mob of undisciplined street fighters, and were also concerned by the pervasiveness of homosexuality and "corrupt morals" within the ranks of the SA. Further, reports of a huge cache of weapons in the hands of SA members raised further concern among the Reichswehr leadership. The entire officer corps opposed Röhm's proposal, insisting that discipline and honour would vanish if the SA gained control.

Preparation of a Secret dossier;
Blomberg and von Reichenau began to conspire with Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler against Röhm and the SA. Himmler asked Reinhard Heydrich to assemble a dossier on Röhm. Heydrich recognized that in order for the SS to fully gain national power the SA had to be broken. He manufactured evidence that suggested that Röhm had been paid 12 million marks by the French to overthrow Hitler.

Hitler liked Ernst Röhm and initially refused to believe the dossier provided by Heydrich. Röhm had been of enormous help during early years of Nazi party. The SA under Röhm's leadership had also played a vital role in destroying the communist opposition during the elections of 1932 and 1933.

Talks of Second Revolution;
Röhm spoke of a "second revolution". Röhm alongwith Gregor, Otto Strasser, Gottfried Feder and Walther Darré, belonged to radical faction. This group put emphasis on the word "socialist" and "workers" in the party's name; putting them ideologically closer to the Communists. They capitalism and pushed for nationalization of major industrial firms, expansion of worker control, confiscation and redistribution of the estates of the old aristocracy, and social equality.

Simultaneously Former Chancellor, General Kurt von Schleicher began criticising the current Hitler cabinet while some of Schleicher's followers such as General Ferdinand von Bredow and Werner von Alvensleben started passing along lists of a new Hitler Cabinet in which Schleicher would become Vice-Chancellor, Röhm Minister of Defence, Heinrich Brüning Foreign Minister and Gregor Strasser Minister of National Economy.

Pressure from Vice Chancellor Von Papen;
On June 17, 1934, conservative demands for Hitler to act came to a head when Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen, gave a speech at Marburg University warning of the threat of a "second revolution". Von Papen, a Catholic aristocrat with ties to army and industry, threatened to resign if Hitler did not act. Von Papen's resignation as vice-chancellor would have been an embarrassing.

Pressure from President Chancellor von Hindenburg;
Matters came to a head in June 1934 when President von Hindenburg, who had the complete loyalty of the army, informed Hitler that if he did not move to curb the SA then Hindenburg would dissolve Hitler's Government and declare martial law.[iii]

The purge;
In Last week of June 1934, Röhm and several of his companions were on holiday at a resort in Bad Wiessee. On 28 June, Hitler phoned Röhm and asked him to gather all the SA leaders at Bad Wiessee on 30th June for a conference.

At about 04:30 on June 30, 1934, Hitler and his entourage flew into Munich. From the airport they drove to the Bavarian Interior Ministry, where they assembled the leaders of SA and lambasted them on the rampage that had taken place in city streets the night. Enraged, Hitler tore the epaulets off the shirt of Obergruppenführer of SA August Schneidhuber, and chief of the Bavarian Police for failing to keep order last night. Hitler shouted at Schneidhuber that he would be shot. Schneidhuber was executed later that day. As the stormtroopers were hustled off to prison, Hitler departed for the Hanselbauer Hotel in Bad Wiessee, where Ernst Röhm and his followers were staying.

Events from diary of Erich Kempa Chauffeur of Adolf Hitler;
I run quickly up the stairs to the first floor where Hitler is just coming out of Röhm’s bedroom. Two detectives come out of the room opposite. One of them reports to Hitler: ‘My Führer, the Police-President of Breslau is refusing to get dressed!’ Taking no notice of me, Hitler enters the room where Obergruppenführer Heines is remaining. I hear him shout: ‘Heines, if you are not dressed in five minutes I’ll have you shot on the spot!’ I withdraw a few steps and a police officer whispers to me that Heines had been in bed with an 18-year-old SA Obertruppführer. At last Heines comes out of the room with an 18-year-old fair-haired boy mincing in front of him. ‘Into the laundry room with them!’ cries Schreck.

Meanwhile, Röhm comes out of his room in a blue suit and with a cigar in the corner of his mouth. Hitler glares at him but says nothing. Two detectives take Röhm to the vestibule of the hotel where he throws himself into an armchair and orders coffee from the waiter. I stay in the corridor a little to one side and a detective tells me about Röhm’s arrest. Hitler entered Röhm’s bedroom alone with a whip in his hand. Behind him were two detectives with pistols at the ready. He spat out the words: ‘Röhm, you are under arrest.’ Röhm looked up sleepily from his pillow: ‘Heil, my Führer.’ ‘You are under arrest’ bawled Hitler for the second time, turned on his heel and left the room.

Meanwhile, upstairs in the corridor things are getting quite lively. SA leaders are coming out of their rooms and being arrested. Hitler shouts at each one: ‘Have you had anything to do with Röhm’s plans?’ Naturally, they all deny it, but that doesn’t help them in the least. Hitler usually knows about the individual; occasionally, he asks Goebbels or Lutze a question. And then comes the decision: ‘Arrested!’ But there are others whom he lets go. Röhm’s doctor, SA Gruppenführer Ketterer, comes out of a room, and to our surprise he has his wife with him. I hear Lutze putting in a good word for him with Hitler. Then Hitler walks up to him, greets him, shakes hands with his wife and asks them to leave the hotel; it isn’t a pleasant place for them to stay that day.”[iv]

Hitler decided to pardon Röhm because of his past services to the movement. On 1 July after much pressure from Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, Hitler agreed that Röhm should die. Hitler insisted that Röhm should first be allowed to commit suicide. However, when Röhm refused, he was killed by two SS officers, Theodor Eicke and Michael Lippert.

Hitler used the occasion to move against some persons close to Vice chancellor Von papen. In Berlin, on Göring's personal orders, an armed SS unit stormed the Vice-Chancellery where they shot Papen's secretary Herbert von Bose. The Gestapo arrested and later executed Papen's close associate Edgar Jung, the author of Papen's Marburg speech; The Gestapo also executed Erich Klausener, the leader of Catholic Action, and a close Papen associate. The vice-chancellor Papen was arrested at the Vice-Chancellery, but later released.  Both Kurt von Schleicher, Hitler's predecessor as chancellor, and his wife were murdered at their home. Others killed included Gregor Strasser, a former Nazi who had angered Hitler by resigning from the party in 1932, and Gustav Ritter von Kahr, the former Bavarian state commissioner who crushed the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923.

"Röhm-Putsch" cannot be equated to or called “Night of long knives” since only about eighty-five are known to have died as against strength of three million members of SA. As against these eighty five, in June 1932, one of the worst months of political violence had resulted in 82 deaths.

Social and National Necessity;
The President Hindenburg, Germany's highly revered military hero, sent a telegram expressing his profoundly felt gratitude as he congratulated Hitler for “nipping treason in the bud”. The army unanimously applauded the Purge. Germans saw Hitler as the one who restored order to the country.[v] Luise Solmitz, a Hamburg schoolteacher, echoed the sentiments of Germans when she cited Hitler's personal courage, decisiveness and effectiveness in her private diary. She even compared him to Frederick the Great, the 18th-century King of Prussia.[vi]

The end
After the Night of the Long Knives, the SA continued to exist under the leadership of Viktor Lutze, but the group was significantly downsized. The SA officially ceased to exist in May 1945 when Nazi Germany collapsed.

In 1946, the all-lies@alied Military Tribunal at Nuremberg formally judged the SA not to be a criminal organization.[vii]

[i]  Knickerbocker, H.R. (1941). Is Tomorrow Hitler's? 200 Questions On the  Battle of Mankind. Reynal & Hitchcock. p. 34.
[ii]  Kershaw 2008, p. 306.
[iii] Wheeler-Bennett (2005), Nemesis of Power: The German Army in Politics 1918–1945, pp. 319–320.
[v]  Kershaw, Ian. Hitler (2008), p. 315
[vi]  Evans 2005, p. 39.
[vii]  "The Sturmabteilung or SA". History Learning Site. Retrieved 22 September 2013.