Lies being Taught;-
In 1962, the Soviet Union was desperately behind the United States in the arms race. Soviet missiles were only powerful enough to be launched against Europe but U.S. missiles were capable of striking the entire Soviet Union. In late April 1962, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev conceived the idea of placing intermediate-range missiles in Cuba. A deployment in Cuba would double the Soviet strategic arsenal and provide a real deterrent to a potential U.S. attack against the Soviet Union.
Now the Truth;
BACKGROUND: 1961, 17 April: Bay of Pigs Invasion began when Cuban exiles invaded Cuba at Playa Giron (Bay of Pigs) with U.S. support. Cubans defeated invaders in two days. President Kennedy then approves Operation MONGOOSE to take over Cuba by killing Castro, sabotage, arson, crop poisoning and murder of Cuban civilians. Target date for Cuban "revolt" with U.S. military support was (ironically) October 1962. To defend Cuba, Khruschev offered Castro nuclear-armed missiles to be installed secretly.
CRISIS EVENTS: 1962,
14 October, Sunday: Kennedy gets U-2 photos of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
17 October, Wednesday: 16 missiles installed and would be ready to fire by October 24. All of JCS call for immediate attack. General Le May, USAAF Chief of Staff, tells Kennedy an attack is essential and that Soviets will not respond. Secretary of Defence McNamara and Robert Kennedy favour a blockade.
Late p.m.: Soviet Ambassador Gromyko visits Kennedy, who chooses not to confront him with the missile evidence. This could have avoided the more dangerous public challenge and demand for a humiliating withdrawal that
Kennedy made two days later. This also excludes U.S. allies from consultation, and leads France later to quit NATO.
22 October, Monday: Kennedy on TV reveals the Crisis to Americans (but not U.S. provocations, e.g., Operation MONGOOSE). 42 medium range N-missiles are in Cuba already (Schlesinger) and 25 Soviet cargo
ships heading for Cuba already surrounded by 180 U.S. navy ships, 68 aircraft squadrons and 8 aircraft carriers. Missile crews are on full alert. The B-52 bomber force is ordered into the air fully loaded with nuclear weapons. In Florida the largest U.S. invasion force since WW-II is gathering.
23 October, Tuesday: Khruschev: "If U.S. navy interferes with Soviet ships, necessary measures will be taken." OAS gives USA full support.
24 October, Wednesday: Quarantine goes into effect. Soviet ships approach the 500 mile zone. U-2 photos taken on October 23rd show that the missiles will be ready in a few days. Twenty Soviet ships stopped or turned around and six Soviet submarines approach Cuba.
26 October, Friday: First ship stopped and boarded (Marucla, Panamanian). Kennedy orders State Department to prepare a post-invasion government for Cuba.
6:00 p.m., Khruschev to Kennedy: Missiles in Cuba defensive and can be withdrawn if USA agrees not to invade Cuba and recalls its fleet.
27 October, Saturday: A tougher Khruschev proposal: Missiles out and
guarantees in Cuba must be matched with the same for U.S. missiles in Turkey.
JCS proposes air strike on Monday followed by invasion. U-2 is shot down over Cuba by SAM. JCS insists that the SAM sites be bombed on Sunday.
Kennedy decides to agree to Khruschev's Friday proposal.
28 October, Sunday: 10:00 am, Khruschev's reply: Missiles will be withdrawn subject to US Public Guarantee that it will never invade Cuba. There was another rider that USA will withdraw its missiles from Italy and Turkey which US did withdraw.
OUTCOME: Cuba was secured from U.S. covert attacks and invasion and threatening US Nuclear Missiles were withdrawn from Turkey and Italy.