New Age History and Economics

The Day We See The Truth And Cease To Speak it, Is The Day We Begin To Die. MLK Jr.

Monday, August 15, 2011

Who was responsible for decolonization, Freedom of India, 100+ other countries and billions of people? Adolf Hitler, Subash Chander Bose or Mohandas K Gandhi.

Click here for Hitler was not responsible for World War 2
                    THE FREEMEN

Dear Brethren,  
Who was responsible for Decolonization / Freedom of India (and 100+ 3rd World Countries) – Adolf Hitler, Subash Chander Bose or Mohandas K Gandhi.

As India enters 65th year of its ‘independence’ from Britain, it is time to pause and reflect as what caused 300 years old British Empire to dissolve and crumble within 20 years of the end of World War 2.
Who can be called father of India or 100+ Third World Countries or De-Colonization?

Lies being taught;
Congress Party under leadership of Mohandasss Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru by their non violent Quit India movement got India its Independence.
 Now the truth;
Let us examine the role of Neville Chamberlain, Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler or Clement Atlee, in India’s freedom in the light of events preceding Indian Independence in 1947;

Under World War 2 Treaty of Versailles, Germany was cut in several pieces and gifted to other nations. Since 1935, some of these several pieces i.e. Saar region, Rhineland, Austria, Sudetenland by the movements of their own citizens gradually rejoined their fatherland – Germany without a single shot being fired.

Danzig and German Corridor was last of such places with 98% German Population. From March 1939, Poland began programme of extermination of Germans in this city and murdered more than 45,000 Germans. On August 10, 1939;  Albert Forster, Gauleiter for Danzig, addressed a crowd of 100,000 in Danzig and invited Adolf Hitler to free them from tyranny of Polish communists. On August 25, 1939, Germany asks for plebiscite in this area to allow Freedom to people of this city to choose their own destiny. Poland/England refused to allow Plebiscite or freedom to people to choose their own destiny. On September 1, 1939, Germany enters German city Dangiz (under illegal Polish Possession) to protect German citizens from further massacre. On September 3, 1939, England and France declare war on Germany thus beginning World War 2. See here for causes of world war-2

After end of 6 years, 72 million had died, Europe and Britain lay in ruins and communist Russia took over half of Europe including Poland and that small German city of Danzig (part of Germany in 1918 whose citizens were denied Freedom by England) over which England and France declared War on Germany thus beginning World War 2. Neville chamberlain refused to allow plebiscite in Danzig and declared war on Germany, Winston Churchill twice declined peace offer by Hitler once when Germany allowed besieged English forces to escape from Dunkirk and second when France fell. Churchill continued on his path of England’s destruction.
World War 2 or Churchill's / Hitler’s war;

Even if Indians had wanted England to stay and built remaining railways, airports, dams, roads, bridges laying down of electric cables and water pipes etc (which incidentally have not been built even after 60 years by corrupt Congress regime - but blueprints prepared by English are still available), Britain would have left India in 1947 purely for its own military and economic insolvency back home.

Before Hitler, England and France had attacked and enslaved more than 100 countries and 100s of billions of its citizens in Africa, Asia, America including Canada, and Australia, New Zealand etc. England and France were like a big bully of your school snatching away candy of small children the 3rd world countries. America got its independence from England with the help of French Army. France helped because of contest with England and France over world domination. In 1939, Before WW-2, Britain occupied 25% of total land area on earth and 25% of world population.

Then came Hitler. Son of a customs official it took tremendous ability to rise from an obscure background of a corporal in 1919 to mastery of a nation in 1933 that had long been governed by aristocratic elites. And it took greater ability still to elevate that nation in a mere 5 years from demoralization and bankruptcy to mastery of a continent. England and France then attacked Germany. But this time they took on more than they could chew. France was overrun in a matter of 2 weeks; England lay in ruins and became insolvent. From a zero in 1933, Hitler took Germany to such heights by 1939 that it took the might of all powers America, Britain, China, Russia, France and 116 other nations etc to defeat Germany. His defeat was mainly due because his enemies (US, USSR, England, France, China and 116 other nations) had far more resources to prevail. Adolf didn't. Hitler had also banned atomic and chemical weapons. See here for details.

Within 20 years of the end of WW2 Britain was back to its small hole in Atlantic. After WWII, Britain left not only India but nearly all its other holdings, including Jordan in 1946, Palestine in 1947, Sri Lanka in 1948, Myanmar in 1948, and Egypt in 1952 and 50 other nations within years thereafter. For the same reason, France also had to grant independence to Laos in 1949 and Cambodia in 1953, and had to leave Vietnam in 1954 and other 30 nations within years thereafter. None of the other nations whether under England or French Colonialism had Mohandass K Gandhi, or Subash Chander Bose yet all countries got their independence.

Hitler thus takes the credit for an action that freed 100+ countries and billions of people from slavery and tyranny of Britain and France. Every one of these countries had their own freedom fighters, People like Subash Chander Bose, Bhagat Singh, Chander Shekhar Azad, Gandhi etc but they were only ‘also ran’ category and were not critical or even main players in Independence of 100+ nations.

Thanks to Hitler, those 100+ nations who were like small children whose candies were being snatched by big bullies like England and France for their desire of world domination got their freedom from these tyrants. Has any other person does so much for freedom of the 100s of the billions of the humans of world?

In fact if the Second World War had not taken place; England may have never left India. Maybe the 21st century would have dawned with England still owning its colonies and sun never setting on English empire. But for Hitler several billion people in 70+ colonies of England might still be singing ‘God Save the Queen’. This is not an airy statement but one very plausible. The credit for reducing Great Britain to this dire strait thus must go to Hitler who financially and militarily destroyed England, where holding on to colonies became impossible or impracticable. The following are the details of destruction and losses suffered by England because of Hitler;

Military losses;
England suffered loss of approx 5,000,000 men (including civilians), several million more lay injured and incapacitated or disabled. It affected almost 8% of entire population on England before start of war. Its naval supremacy came to no use. Air supremacy ruled. Most of its cities and industries lay in ruins. In India, England had greatly inducted Hindus in its army for use in World War 2. Now the Hindus had nowhere else to fight. They greatly outnumbered English force. The strength of Hindus in the English army had increased from 200,000 to 2,500,000 Hindus. England manpower stood at same levels at less than 70,000 men. For England to maintain its hold over India it required at least one Englishman against three locals. They required 800,000 more men. England had no more forces to commit, rather it required its own manpower back in England to rebuild it as most of its cities and industries lay in ruins.

Economic conditions;
Within 1 year of war, England had spent all it gold and dollar reserves. England’s Treasury was empty. During the war it was dependent on lend lease from United States which US ended after War on September 2nd, 1945. Under the lend lease, a total of $31.4 billion (at 1939 prices) aid was given by US to Britain, Now it may be worth 100 billion.  In the 1945 General Election Attlee led the Labor Party to triumph at the polls. People of England had realized that Winston Churchill was a war monger and for his personal excitement in seeing death had led them to an unnecessary war, (,  killing 72 million including 500,000 of its own citizens. People of England were angry with huge extravaganza of war over a small German city of Danzig and horrendous conclusions when Danzig along with whole of Poland and half of Europe was gifted to arch enemy Russia. England became insolvent. England begged more funds from Washington. To stave off Insolvency of England, US provided a low interest loan of $3.75 billion in 1946, followed by Marshall Plan ("European Recovery Program") grants of $3 billion (which was 25% of total plan outlay under Marshall Plan). It had no money to pay for large Indian workforce of several million. Both the manpower and money were essentially needed at home to rebuild its destroyed cities and industries.

Food shortages;
England suffered food shortages. Food rationing was introduced. In 1945 rationing levels were (All figures per person per week); Bacon & Ham was limited to 113 g, sugar 227 g, tea 57 g, meat 57 g, cheese 28 g, butter 57 g, sweets 340 g even biscuits and cereals all rationed. Food rationing increased after the War. Bread, was rationed from 1946 to 1948; potato rationing began in 1947.

Reason for Independence as given during debate in England’s House of Commons;
“We have recruited our workers for the war; they have been demobilized after the war. They are required to repair the factories damaged by Hitler’s bombers. Moreover, they want to join their kith and kin after five and a half years of separation. Their kith and kin also want to join them. In these conditions if we have to rule India for a long time, we have to keep a permanent British army for a long time in a vast country of four hundred millions. We have no such army….” Sir Stafford Cripps, intervening in the debate on the motion to grant Indian Independence in the British House of Commons in 1947 quoted in ‘The Freedom Struggle and the Dravidian Movement’ by P. Ramamurti, Orient Longman, 1987.

Role of Subash Chander Bose in India’s freedom;

Many of my friends have called for role of Subash Chander Bose. Their arguments are ; Gandhi, launched the “Quit India” movement in August 1942, demanding the immediate withdrawal of the British from India or face nationwide civil disobedience. Along with all other Congress leaders, Gandhi was immediately imprisoned, and the country erupted in small violent demonstrations. The large war- time British Army presence in India led to most of the movement being crushed in a little more than six weeks;

With Congress leaders in jail after quit India movement, attention turned to Subhas Bose, who had been ousted from the Congress in 1939 Bose turned to the Axis powers for help with liberating India by force. With Japanese support, he organized the Indian National Army, composed largely of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured at Singapore by the Japanese. Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Free India), presided by Bose, was short lived; after the reverses of 1944, the reinforced British Indian Army in 1945 first halted and then reversed the Japanese offensive, beginning the successful part of the Burma Campaign. Bose's Indian National Army surrendered with the recapture of Singapore. 

When Japan Surrendered, the British charged 20,000 men with treason. They decided to hold the Trial in Public at the red fort in Delhi. The first three of Bose's men to be charged were a Hindu, a Muslim and a Sikh. On November 21 and 23, 1945 a mass demonstration took place in Kolkota (Calcutta). Police shot more than 200 people of whom 33 died. Then the British decided to put on trial only those men INA men who were charged with committing murder or brutality against other POW's. However, Kolkata (Calcutta) simply exploded when in February 1946, Abdul Rashid Khan of INA was given seven years imprisonment for murder. Unrest began with Muslims and soon joined by students. Both the Police and Army were called to put down the 'almost revolution'. This time nearly 400 hundred people were shot down out of whom nearly 100 were killed. Khan's trial gave thousands of Indian's an excuse to revolt. revolt started with Sailor's mutiny it spread from Karachi to Bombay and from Vizag to Calcutta involving 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 men/sailors. British forbade BBC from broadcasting the revolt.  

This sailor's revolt / mutiny spurred the new Labour government in Britain to action, leading to the Cabinet Mission to India led by the Secretary of State for India, Lord Pethick Lawrence, including Sir Stafford Cripps, who had visited four years earlier. The Labour government in Britain, its cities at home in ruins, its exchequer insolvent by World War II, and conscious that it did not have the mandate at home, decided to end British rule of India, and in early 1947 Britain announced its intention of transferring power no later than June 1948.

Points to ponder:
With all respect to people of India and particularly to those of Bengal I have a few questions?
1. INA (Indian national Army) was made up of Indian POWS captured by Japan in WW2, If there was no WW2 there would have been no INA.
2.  If Japan was not at war with England in WW2, Japan would not have supported INA?
3.     If there was no INA, there would be no trials. No trials - No mutiny - No riots.
4.     WW2 strength of natives in English army would have remained at 200,000 and ratio unaffected.
Even Subash Chander Bose knew that Key to billions of people around the World from tyranny of England and France lay with Adolf Hitler, and so he decided to meet him.  

Subash Chander Bose with Adolf Hitler
So we go back to answering the question - what led to India’s and 100 other countries to freedom within 20 years of end of World War 2 and financial and military destruction of England in World War 2? There is only one Answer - Adolf Hitler or Neville Chamberlain who declared World war-2 or Winston Churchill who twice refused cease fire / peace offer by Hitler.

Role of Mohandass K Gandhi In India’s freedom;

Gandhi and the Congress Party opted for a “Quit India Movement” against the British in 1942 and he spread the slogan “Do or Die,” which in fact Subhas Chander Bose had proposed in 1938. The British government arrested all the top Congress Party leaders. The movement fizzled out entirely within a matter of six weeks. In fact as they had hanged Bhagat Singh they could have easily done away with Gandhi or imprisoned him in a far away island like they imprisoned Napoleon at St. Helena in the South Atlantic. British had propped up Gandhi for harmless fun secure in their knowledge that its non-violent movement had no effect on them.

Chief Justice P.B. Chakrabarty of Calcutta High Court, who had also served as the acting Governor of West Bengal in India, disclosed the following in a letter addressed to the publisher of Dr. R.C. Majumdar’s book A History of Bengal:
“You have fulfilled a noble task by persuading Dr. Majumdar to write this history of Bengal and publishing it … In the preface of the book Dr. Majumdar has written that he could not accept the thesis that Indian independence was brought about solely or predominantly by the non-violent civil disobedience movement of Gandhi. When I was the acting Governor, Lord Atlee, who had given us independence by withdrawing the British rule from India, spent two days in the Governor’s palace at Calcutta during his tour of India. At that time I had a prolonged discussion with him regarding the real factors that had led the British to quit India. My direct question to him was that since Gandhi’s “Quit India” movement had tapered off quite some time ago and in 1947 no such new compelling situation had arisen that would necessitate a hasty British departure, why did they have to leave? In his reply Atlee cited several reasons, the principal among them being the erosion of loyalty to the British Crown among the Indian army and navy personnel as a result of the military activities of Netaji [Subhash Chandra Bose]. Toward the end of our discussion, I asked Atlee what was the extent of Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision, to quit India? Hearing this question, Atlee's lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile, as he slowly chewed out the word, "m-i-n-i-m-a-l!"

It was Clement Atlee’s training as Political Diplomat that he did not use the word “n-o-n-e”.

Worshiping false Gods. Many have made a trade of delusions and false propaganda, deceiving the stupid multitude.Blinding Ignorance does mislead us. O wretched mortals, open your eyes!


Monday, August 8, 2011


This month is dedicated to India; 

                    THE FREEMEN

Dear Brethren,  
In Part-I of Article on Kashmir I had given History of Kashmir from 1846 to 1985. 
In Part II, I had given secret history of violence in Kashmir from 1985 till date.

Present article – Part III, the final article in the series explores the solution to continued violence in Kashmir;
As of August 07, 2011, India administers approximately 43% of the region, including most of Jammu, part of Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier. Pakistan controls approximately 37% of state, namely part of Kashmir which it calls Azad Kashmir and the northern areas of Gilgit and Baltistan. China controls 20% of Kashmir, including Aksai Chin, which it occupied following the brief Sino-Indian War of 1962, and the Trans-Karakoram Tract (also known as the Shaksam Valley), which was ceded by Pakistan to china in 1963.

Leh, ladakh and Siachen areas constitutes about 65% of Indian Administered area. Its population is predominantly Buddhist or non-converts. 
Jammu constitutes about 20% of total Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir which is predominantly non-converts dominated.
Kashmir valley constitutes about 15% of Indian administered Area i.e. approx 7% of total area. Kashmir alone is Muslim converts dominated area.  about 4,00,000 non converts have been exterminated from Kashmir since 1989, these non converts are now living in camps all over India.
See the map below; the area circled in the red alone is converts dominated area under Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The future – Solution to Kashmir Problem;
Option A, as desired by all Indians;
If those in the polity of power genuinely believe that Kashmir is part of India and that converts (Hindu-Muslims) in Kashmir do not account for more than the number of Converts in any other part of India than THE ONLY OPTION is to remove Article 370 and merge Kashmir fully into Indian heartland thus depriving People of Kashmiris the reason to say that they are not part of India. Let Non-Kashmiri Hindus buy land and settle in Kashmir and real estate companies like DLP, Unitech, Omaxe, and financiers of Punjab and Delhi develop Kashmir and thereafter plebiscite can be held there any time after 20-30 years when the constituents of Kashmir have undergone a sea change.  Had the leaders of Congress party thought and acted like Indians, the problem would have ended 30 years earlier. With tons of money in their pockets given by financiers, many Muslims will prefer greener pastures in Karachi, NWFP, Islamabad, etc where there is no “oppression” of Muslims.
Option B;
Integrate jammu, Leh ladakh with India, Free POK and IOK.

Option C; Classified.

India can ill afford continued death of its citizens and continued expenditure on Kashmir which is taking away meager resources of Indian Public. The same money can be spent on providing clean drinking water and electricity to every home and high school, health center in every village, college, University made available for every Child every few kilometers in India.


Monday, August 1, 2011

Kashmir – the History – the turmoil – the solution - Part II

This month is dedicated to India; 

                    THE FREEMEN

Dear Brethren,  

In Part-I of Article on Kashmir I had given History of Kashmir from the end of Company Rule in 1846 to present time till 1985. This part contains reasons for present violence;

Kashmir – the History  – the turmoil – the solution Part - II

Lies being taught;
Kashmiri Muslims have been persecuted for years under Hindu Kings and Indian domination. They have been fighting lone battle for their independence from oppressive Indian rule.

Secret History or the reasons for present violence;
There had been no violence or terrorism in Kashmir up till the year 1985. However the status quo of peace changed when after March 1985, when US government adopted National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) 166, to fight proxy war against Russia and to drive it out of Afghanistan by using mujahedeen/Taliban now called Al Qaeda. 

1985 Ronald Reagan with mujahedin/Taliban in White House. When they are with us they are called Mujahedin, when they are opposite us the same people are called Al-Qaeda.   Listen to this funny story, the Russians invaded Afghanistan because they didn't want this group called the Taliban to take over the government in Afghanistan. Then the Americans secretly supported the TALIBAN that opposed the Russian forces. And now US are fighting wars against the Taliban to prevent it from taking over the Government in Afghanistan.

Under instructions from Director of Central Intelligence William Casey, the CIA initiated programs for training Afghans in techniques such as guerrilla warfare, kidnappings, armed conflict, assassinations, car bombs, and cross-border raids (into the USSR). CIA poured in billions of US dollars, modern weapons including stinger missiles to prop up Taliban to fight its war against Russia. To take the war into Russia, CIA also trained Taliban to infiltrate and engage in subversive activities inside Russia.

In the picture Front row, from left: Major Gen. Hamid Gul, director general of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (ISI), Willian Webster, Director of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) ; Clair George Deputy Director for Operations ; an ISI colonel; and Milt Bearden, senior CIA official, at a mujahedin training camp in North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan in 1987. (source RAWA).

"The United States spent millions of dollars to supply Afghan schoolchildren with textbooks filled with violent images and militant Islamic teachings ....The primers, which were filled with talk of jihad and featured drawings of guns, bullets, soldiers and mines, have served since then as the Afghan school system's core curriculum. Even the Taliban used the American-produced books,..", (Washington Post, 23 March 2002)

"Advertisements, paid for from CIA funds, were placed in newspapers and newsletters around the world offering inducements and motivations to join the [Islamic] Jihad." (Pervez  Hoodbhoy, Peace Research, 1 May 2005)

Same books and literature were subsequently used by Pakistan to foment violence in India particularly in Kashmir. All Attacks in India like 26/11, Parliament attacks or Akshardham temple attack etc were induced by these hateful teachings initiated by US.

US and Britain used Pakistan for its proxy war against Russia and imported huge amount of modern weapons into Pakistan for transmission into Afghanistan. A large part of these weapons / modern armaments were diverted by Pakistan's ISI and Special Service Group (SSG) to promote insurgency in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Hence while there was no violence in Kashmir till 1985, the status quo changed in 1986 when first shots were fired by Pakistani guerrillas who had taken to armaments against Hindus. In January 1986, massive riots occurred in Anantnag (Southern Kashmir), in which the minority community (Pandits) lost nearly 300 homes and two temples were burnt down.

When Russia was finally driven out of Afghanistan in 1989, large number of highly trained terrorists with huge cache of modern arms suddenly found themselves without a cause, without a job and without any money or aid from US. They knew nothing except how to infiltrate and kill. These men were solely trained in terrorism. Pakistan then sent these highly trained terrorists / mujahedin in Kashmir, where propagated that there was a similar freedom movement of Kashmiri’s Muslims against Indian (Hindu) “occupation and control”.

Since 1989, the level of persecution of Hindus increased manifold. The killings, rape and plunder of Kashmiri Hindus started in earnest with the death of a prominent social worker in Srinagar on September 14, 1989, now recognized as the "Martyrs? Day". Starting with prominent citizens in the valley, including political leaders and government officials, the killings became increasingly random and gruesome. On April 6, 1990, Mrs. Girja Tikoo, a housewife in Kupwara district of Kashmir, was gang raped by Islamic militants and then cut into pieces by a wood saw. The Financial Times of London in a story from Srinagar dated April 1, 1992, described the agony of a Hindu family in Srinagar that gave food and shelter to two armed Muslim terrorists who initially promised no harm, but raped the women folk and killed the family any way.

Over ten thousand Kashmiri Pandits, which represent a significant proportion of their population, were killed by Islamic militants in nearly a two year period. The militants had a clear motive to drive non-Muslim "infidels" out of the State to create the Nizam-e-Mustafa (Muslim paradise), and it was not unusual to see posters and announcements asking Pundits to leave the valley. Nearly all of the Kashmiri Pundits, who were lucky to escape from the terror, did so starting from January 1990. Today, practically the entire indigenous population of Kashmiri Pundits is displaced and living in wretched make-shift refugee camps in North India. The statistics do not do full justice to their misery. A total of 72,077 families, were driven out due to ethnic cleansing. 9309 homes have been burnt down, along with 1659 small business shops. A total of 93 temples, 27 Mosques and 2 Sikh Gurudwaras were destroyed in during the period 1986-1997. Today, nearly 50,000 families are living in refugee camps, with approximately 60% camped in Jammu region and the rest in Delhi region. The total number of Kashmiri Pundits refugees (216,820 in Jammu and 143,565 in New Delhi for a total of 360,385). No one seems to care about the fate of Kashmiri Pundits.

There are continuing attacks on villages harboring Pundits in the valley and many Pundits, along with Sikhs and Muslims, have lost their lives. A particularly gruesome massacre took place in Wandhama on the night of January 25, 1998, when the entire population of Kashmiri Hindus; men, women and children; was wiped out by Islamic terrorists. While not a single Muslim was harmed, the terrorists systematically locked Kashmiri Pundits in their homes that were subsequently torched. The choice given to these unfortunate victims was either to be burnt alive or to bail out and be cut down by AK-47s. In the mayhem 23 Pundits lost their lives. Such brutality continues up to this day and will not cease as long as terrorists roam freely in Kashmir.

It should be noted that in spite of brutality and humiliation that Pundits have suffered in the past two decades, NOT ONE case exists where a Kashmiri Pundit has resorted to any violence in return. Kashmiri Pundits have paid a heavy price for their nonviolent and tolerant behavior.

Ms. Mary McGrory, a columnist for the Washington Post explained it this way (August 27, 1992): "Across the globe in Kashmir, blameless people are suffering hellish persecution not for anything they did but for being who they are. The Kashmiri Pundits, a minority Hindu sect that has lived in Kashmir for 5,000 years, would like to go home. They have been driven off their ancestral land by terrorism of Islamic guerrillas who wish to annex Kashmir to the crescent of fundamentalist countries in the area. India, which will do anything to keep Kashmir in its possession, has refused to acknowledge the existence of the Pundits in refugee camps along the border, because they do not want to add a religious element to the problem."

Pakistan government more or less agreed with the assessment that Kashmiri Pundits were victims of ethnic cleansing. In response to the McGrory?s column, Mr. Malik Zahoor Ahmad, the Press Attache in the Embassy of Pakistan wrote to the Post editor on August 28, 1992, "I was surprised to read that the Kashmiri refugees mentioned are the notorious Kashmiri Pundits who had wielded disproportionately excessive powers in the Kashmir valley and have now been driven out by the hitherto oppressed Kashmiri people."

In many ways, problems with the Pundits and the whole issue of religious fundamentalism in India, was fostered by the Congress Party which spoke of "secularism", but really meant appeasement towards a particular religion. The reasons were entirely parochial. The polling research showed that minorities tended to vote as a block, and as the Congress Party degenerated into a dynasty rule where corruption became rampant, the Party discovered a new way to keep itself in power. Obviously, in a multi-ethnic and a multi-religious country, such a move was bound to lead to some reaction, and it did. India has done poorly in debating nationalism in public. And the vote bank politics, invented by the Congress Party and used even more voraciously by successor governments, has done more harm to Indian polity than any other single development in the history of this budding nation.

Next The Solution ;

To be continued ………